The term Gynecomastia comes from two Greek words, Gyne meaning Woman and Mastos which means breast. A loose translation would be”woman like breasts”.
Gynecomastia actually refers to a state whereby breast tissue builds up in a male’s chest creating what appear to be female breasts. These breasts are often very tender and sensitive.
The condition Gynecomastia is quite common in adolescent boys, however, in about 90 percent of these cases, the illness disappears naturally as their adolescence follows it is course.
For the remaining 10% though, it stays and can be quite a social handicap causing major psychological damage to the individual. The feelings that this condition can generate can be shame, embarrassment and humiliation commonly. A lot of this can be brought around from teasing and jokes made about their breasts with their peers.
Aside from the tenderness in the chest that’s connected with Gynecomastia, there are no other medical difficulties with this condition other than the psychological problems it causes.
For many men and boys that appear to possess Gynecomastia, may actually have a state called pseudogynecomastia. This describes the fatty build up on their chests. This is not the exact same thing as Gynecomastia.
Interestingly, it’s possible that this condition may affect only one breast or both.
However, this list includes a whole lot of what is commonly accepted to cause Gynecomastia.
- – puberty
- – steroid abuse
- – obesity
- – tumors
- – hereditary disorders
- – chronic liver disease
- – castration
- – Klinefelter Syndrome
- – Gilberts Syndrome
- – ageing
Gynecomastia may also be caused by fluctuations in the balance of the hormones testosterone and estrogen. This commonly happens during puberty although can probably happen during other stages of a mans life.
From that list, it’s thought that the key causes are alcoholism, obesity abuse and an imbalance in hormones.
How is Gynecomastia Diagnosed?
The health care provider will probably create a physical examination of their breasts and then ask quite a few questions concerning your breasts so as to determine how long you have had them and what level of tenderness do you encounter.
To be able to work out exactly what’s causing your Gynecomastia, the doctor will enquire about your medical history in addition to any medication which you’re taking.
The examination itself needs to be comparatively minor with just a bit of prodding and poking.
It ought to be noted as well that while male breast cancer is more common than a lot of people believe, those lumps in a mans breast are not cancerous, but as usual, if uncertain, contact your health care provider as soon as possible in order to eliminate the possibility.
How is Gynecomastia Treated?
In many cases Gynecomastia requires no cure whatsoever and will vanish gently on it’s own.
In other cases, the treatment may depend on the cause. For example, if the cause is that the medication that you’re taking, then hopefully there’s the right alternative which will be just as powerful but without the side of impact of Gynecomastia. Since Gynecomastia is generally less of a problem than the condition that the medication is treating, this additional illness will require priority in your care.
In a great deal of cases, the cause of Gynecomastia is obesity. In this case, if the individual loses a degree of the weight through exercise and diet, then this will often cure the Gynecomastia without the requirement for any kind of surgery.
In a few cases, surgery is deemed to be the best option. Normally in such circumstances, that the Gynecomastia is inducing the patient a significant degree of emotional issues.
This operation removes the glandular tissues and/or fat behind the breast so as to produce a more manly looking chest.
The operation for Gynecomastia may frequently be run under a regional anesthetic with a few sedation and the patient be treated as a out-patient. However, as with all surgery, whether it’s low risk similar to this or higher risk, there is always an element of danger of excessive bleeding, fluid loss and problems connected to the anesthesia. Therefore, the patient should be healthy and mentally secure otherwise the probability of operation is increased. There can also be a degree of discoloration with the operation that ought to be known before the operation takes place.
As this operation is generally considered cosmetic, it’s often quite tough to get funding or for the public health bodies to accept you as a patient. But, patients do sometimes get the funds required often after proving the psychological issues that this illness causes.